Since ancient times, various geometric shapes, patterns, and proportions have been deemed sacred, thought to hold the secrets of the universe within them. These symbols collectively form what is known as sacred geometry. In this article, we’ll explore 16 of the most significant sacred geometry symbols and delve into their hidden meanings.
So let’s begin.
16 Important Sacred Geometry Symbols & Their Symbolism
1. Vesica Piscis
The Vesica Piscis is one of the most fundamental yet powerful symbols in sacred geometry. It is composed of two intersecting circles, arranged so that the edge of each circle passes through the other’s center. The lens-like shape created by their intersection is known as the Vesica Piscis or Mandorla.
The two circles symbolize the interconnection between the spiritual and material realms and their union which results in the Vesica Piscis denotes the sacred portal of creation or the Cosmic Womb.
When viewed horizontally (with the circles side by side), the Vesica Piscis symbolizes the Cosmic Womb from where creation emanates. When viewed vertically (with one circle atop the other), it represents the Cosmic Eye or the All Seeing Eye of God or Source.
Beyond its own profound symbolism, the Vesica Piscis also contains within it other important sacred geometry symbols, some of which are as follows:
- Equilateral triangle
- Diamond or Rhombus
- The cross
- Jesus Fish
- Five-Pointed Star (Pentagram)
- Six-Pointed Star (Hexagram)
The following image illustrates some sacred symbols found within the Vesica Piscis:
Expanding on the Vesica Piscis by adding more circles gives rise to even more sacred symbols like the Triquetra, Seed of Life, Flower of Life, Fruit of Life, Metatron’s Cube, and even the Platonic Solids which are considered the building blocks of our physical reality.
2. The Triquetra
Expanding the Vesica Piscis by adding another circle creates the Triquetra, an ancient symbol symbolizing the threefold nature of the divine. The three vertices of the Triquetra represent significant triads of existence, some of which are as follows:
- Holy Trinity – Father, Son, and Holy Ghost
- Mind, Body, and Spirit
- Past, Present, and Future
- Creation, Preservation, and Destruction
- Positive, Negative, and Neutral
The Triquetra also contains within it a larger equilateral triangle that points upwards representing masculine energy and a smaller equilateral triangle that points downward representing feminine energy as shown in the image below.
By inverting the Triquetra we get the larger triangle facing downward representing feminine energy and the smaller triangle facing upward representing masculine energy. Combining both these triquetras gives rise to the six-pointed star as shown in the image below.
As you can see, the larger star and a smaller star within that represents the concept of Yin-Yang – with the masculine present within the feminine and the feminine within the masculine. This is the perfect symbol of perfect balance and harmony.
The Triquetra also contains within it the Reuleaux triangle. The Reuleaux triangle is unique because despite its curved sides it has constant width. This means, when rotated inside a square, it touches all four sides at all times, just like a circle. Additionally, each point on the curve is equidistant from the opposite vertex.
3. Seed of Life
When three triquetras overlap, they form the Seed of Life, a pattern comprising seven circles: one at the center and six surrounding it. This symbolizes the Christian seven days of creation, with the central circle representing the day of rest and source energy. Each of the surrounding circles connects to the center, illustrating unity, balance, and interconnectedness.
The Seed of Life contains numerous other sacred geometry symbols, such as the Six-Pointed Star, 9-Pointed Star, 12-Pointed Star, Yin Yang, Infinity symbol, and the Hexafoil (Germ of Life).
From the seed spring forth many other sacred geometry symbols like the Flower of Life, the Egg of Life, the Lotus of Life, the Fruit of Life, and Metatron’s Cube and the Platonic Solids.
4. Lotus of Life
When you overlay two Seed of Life patterns and rotate the top one by 30 degrees, you create a 12-sphere pattern known as the Lotus of Life. This pattern symbolizes unity, balance, interconnection, prosperity, and eternity. When viewed in three dimensions, it resembles a tube torus.
5. The Torus
Another remarkable sacred geometry figure derived from the Seed of Life is the Torus. This shape is formed when you overlay 8 Seed of Life patterns and rotate each by a small degree. This is as shown in the video below:
The Torus is the fundamental shape emitted by all electromagnetic fields. Whether it’s the electromagnetic field of the heart, the energy surrounding atoms, or the human aura, they all share toroidal characteristics. Some theories even suggest that Earth is at the core of an expansive, torus-shaped electromagnetic field.
The torus symbolizes wholeness, interconnectedness, life cycles, and infinity. It is commonly used to depict phenomena including the energy fields surrounding living beings and the fundamental dynamics of the universe.
6. Egg of Life
When you expand the Seed of Life by adding six more circles, remove the initial six middle circles, and envision the remaining circles as 3D spheres, you arrive at the Egg of Life symbol. This symbol features eight spheres—(six surrounding spheres, with one on top and one at the bottom), and can be considered the 3D version of the Seed of Life.
Interestingly, the Egg of Life closely resembles the structure of a multicellular embryo in its earliest stages of development (as shown in the image above). This makes it a potent symbol of creation.
Just as the Seed of Life incorporates the Six-Pointed Star, the Egg of Life includes the Merkabah, which is the 3D version of the Six-Pointed Star. Hence it also represents balance, unity, and interconnection.
7. Flower of Life
By expanding the Seed of Life with an additional 12 circles, you create the Flower of Life, an ancient symbol embodying unity, balance, creation, and interconnectedness of all life to the divine source.
The Flower of Life is considered to contain the blueprint of the universe, capturing the essential designs of atomic and electrical structures, life forms, and virtually all that exists.
The Flower of Life contains within it various other sacred geometry symbols like the Six-Pointed Star, 7 Chakras, the Kabbalistic Tree of Life, and Runes. Moreover, it serves as the foundational structure for other significant sacred geometry symbols, including the Fruit of Life, Metatron’s Cube, and the Platonic Solids.
8. Fruit of Life & the Metatron’s Cube
When we add 18 more circles followed by 24 more circles to the Flower of Life, we get an interlocking form consisting of 61 circles (60 circles surrounding the one circle in the middle). When we take the circle in the middle and highlight the 12 surrounding circles (so it forms an hexagonal shape) we get the Fruit of Life pattern.
The circles in the Fruit of Life represent the Divine Feminine. When we connect the centers of all circles with straight lines, we end up creating a pattern known as the Metatron’s Cube. The 78 straight lines represent the Divine Masculine. Hence the Metatron’s Cube represents the union of the Divine Masculine and Divine Feminine which is the basis of all creation.
What’s unique about the Metatron’s Cube is that it houses within it all five platonic solids that are known to be the building blocks of the universe.
The Platonic Solids, and their various combinations, are believed to encompass all the geometric laws that define the physical world we inhabit.
9. Platonic Solids
Platonic Solids are sacred geometric shapes originally identified by Plato and are considered the foundational structures of the universe. Each of the five Platonic Solids corresponds to one of the five elements. They are as follows:
- The tetrahedron, with its 4 triangular faces, is associated with the element of fire.
- The hexahedron (or cube), having 6 square faces, represents the element of earth.
- The octahedron has 8 triangular faces and is linked to the element of air.
- The dodecahedron, composed of 12 pentagonal faces, corresponds to the element of ether (or spirit).
- The icosahedron has 20 triangular faces and is connected to the element of water.
The platonic solids have three unique characteristics as follows:
- They have uniform edge lengths and identical face shapes and sizes.
- All the vertices look exactly the same.
- All vertices of these shapes can fit precisely within a sphere.
These are the only forms that meet these specific criteria, making these solids the ultimate symbols of strength, balance, and harmony.
Platonic solids also frequently appear in nature. For example, certain crystals like pyrite naturally form into cubes. In the realm of molecules, the carbon atoms in diamonds arrange themselves in tetrahedral patterns, while boron’s molecular structure resembles the structure of an icosahedron. Other structures, such as pollen, microorganisms, fractals, sound waves, snowflakes, and even cellular formations, also mimic the geometry of Platonic solids.
Merkabah is the 3D representation of the 6 pointed star. It is a star shape formed by the fusion of two tetrahedrons. Hence it is also known as the Star Tetrahedron. The upper tetrahedron represents the element of fire, masculine energy and the spirit world, whereas the lower triangle represents water, feminine energy and the material world. Their fusion represents the essence of all creation.
Merkabah” is a Hebrew term that translates to “Chariot.” The word can be phonetically divided into three parts: “Mer,” meaning Light, “Ka,” signifying Spirit, and “Bah,” denoting Body. Thus the Merkahab symbolizes the union of Spirit (spiritual realm) and Body (material realm) that creates Life or Light. It can also suggest a vehicle of light that can transport the spirit and body, often symbolizing spiritual ascension or journeys in mystical traditions.
11. Vector Equilibrium (Cuboctahedron)
The Cuboctahedron, also known as the Vector Equilibrium, is a sacred geometric form made up of 8 triangular and 6 square faces. It features 12 identical vertices, where two triangles and two squares coverage. The shape also has 24 equal-length edges, each separating a triangle from a square.
The Vector Equilibrium is considered one of the most balanced 3D forms as each one of its points is equidistant from the center. This makes it the only form where all forces are balanced and equal.
Intriguingly, by folding along its square edges, the Cuboctahedron can transform into other balanced and symmetrical shapes like the icosahedron, octahedron, and tetrahedron. This makes the Vector Equilibrium a potent symbol of balance, unity, and harmony.
Polygons and Polygrams
A polygon is a flat shape with straight sides that are connected end-to-end. Examples include the triangle (3 sides), square (4 sides), pentagon (5 sides), hexagon (6 sides), and so on. Interestingly, by connecting the non-adjacent vertices of a polygon you can form star-shaped figures known as polygrams. For example, by connecting non-adjacent sides of a hexagon, you get a hexagram or a 6-pointed star. Many of these stars are powerful sacred geometry symbols. Let’s take a look at a few of them.
12. Six Pointed Star
The hexagram or Six-Pointed Star consists of two triangles, one facing upward and the other facing downward. The upward facing triangle symbolizes the Divine Masculine and the downward facing triangle denotes the Divine Feminine. The triangles merge such that their centers are the same. The hexagon created by their merging symbolizes creation and the central point symbolizes the source of all creation. The hexagram thus symbolizes union, interconnectedness, balance, divine harmony, creation, and creative energy.
The Six pointed star can be drawn by connecting every other vertex in a hexagram to form both triangles as shown in the image below.
The 3d version of this star is known as the Merkahab as we discussed earlier.
13. Unicursal Hexagram (Unicursal Six-Pointed Star)
The unicursal hexagram is a six-pointed star that can be drawn in one continuous movement without lifting the pen off the paper. This is unlike the regular hexagram (we saw above) that consists of two overlaid triangles and hence cannot be drawn in a single stroke.
The unicursal hexagram symbolizes infinity, eternal life, magic, oneness, interconnection, and spiritual ascension.
14. Eight Pointed Star
There are two types of 8-pointed stars that can be drawn using the octagon. The first, known as the 8/2 star, consists of two overlapping squares and is created by connecting every second vertex in the octagon as shown in the image below.
The second, often called the unicursal 8-pointed star (as it can be drawn in a single stroke) or the 8/3 star, is formed by connecting every third vertex in the octagon as shown in the image below..
When combined, these stars form what is known as the Octagon Matrix.
Since ancient times, the 8-pointed star was used as a solar symbol representing the eight major solar events throughout the year: the four seasons—Spring, Summer, Autumn, and Winter—as well as the two equinoxes and two solstices.
Additionally, the 8-pointed star embodies concepts of balance and creation.
15. Nine Pointed Star
The Nine Pointed Star or the nonagram is a powerful sacred geometry symbol that can be drawn in 3 different ways as follows:
- 9/2 star: This star is drawn by connecting every other 2nd point or vertex in a nonagon. It is unicursal and be drawn in one continuous line.
- 9/3 star: This star has of three overlaid equilateral triangles and is drawn by connecting every 3rd vertex in a nonagram.
- 9/4 star: This star is drawn by connecting every fourth point in a nonagon. This is also a unicursal star.
Each variation of the 9-pointed star has its own unique significance. However, generally speaking, the 9-pointed star symbolizes completeness, spiritual enlightenment, unity, oneness, interconnection, creation, omnipresence, source energy, and divine symmetry.
The image below illustrates all three stars combined known as the Nonagon Matrix.
Just like this various star symbols can be drawn.
16. Hindu Yantras
Yantras, often described as visual mantras, are powerful geometric designs with a long history of usage for both spiritual and practical benefits. Generally, there are 56 recognized Yantras, each with its unique miraculous advantages. Traditionally, Yantras have been used to counteract negative energies and to amplify positive forces.
Below is a list describing various Yantras. Here’s a list of some important Yantras and their symbolic meanings:
- Sri Yantra: For learning, wisdom, creativity, finance, beauty, and spiritual enrichment.
- Kanakdhara Yantra: For attracting gold and wealth.
- Durga Yantra: For power, strength, and protection against enemies.
- Kuber Yantra: For financial prosperity and wealth accumulation.
- Mahamrityunjaya Yantra: For health and protection against untimely death.
- Ganesha Yantra: For removing obstacles and bringing success in endeavors.
- Lakshmi Yantra: For prosperity, success, and good fortune.
- Navagraha Yantra: For pacifying the nine planets and gaining their positive influences.
These Yantras serve as tools for focusing the mind and deepening states of meditation, in addition to their specific attributes.
In summary, sacred geometry symbols are more than just intricate designs; they are keys to understanding the universe and everything in it. Studying or meditating on these symbols can help raise your consciousness, and bring more healing, alignment, and balance into your life. They can also help clear negative subconscious beliefs and deepen your connection to the divine.
Each symbol described here holds deeper meanings that unfold the more you study them. To get the most out of sacred geometry, consider recreating these symbols yourself, either on paper using geometric tools (like a ruler, and compass) or digitally via computer software. Numerous geometry-focused software programs make it easy to create these complex figures, one example being GeoGebra.